Figure 2-5. Landing Check Issued.
g. Pattern Size. Local areas almost always dictate pattern size. An optimum pattern size is 5 to 6
miles for the downwind leg and from 7 to 9 miles for the final approach, depending on the aircraft type
and traffic density. The arrival controller vectors the aircraft to the final approach course before making
a radar handoff to the final controller.
h. Handoff to Final Controller. After the arrival controller positions the aircraft on the final
approach and all required approach information has been issued (weather, position report, expected
approach type, and landing check), the arrival controller effects the handoff. Since this handoff is made
to another controller within the same facility, the arrival controller physically points out the target
stating the heading (or no gyro), approach type (airport surveillance radar [ASR] or precision approach
radar [PAR] together with any abnormality, such as an emergency). When the final controller declares
radar contact, the arrival controller transfers communications. When instructing the pilot to change
frequency for final approach guidance, include the name of the facility.
PHRASEOLOGY: ARMY SIX-TWO-THREE, CONTACT CAIRNS FINAL CONTROLLER ON
THREE-THREE-FIVE POINT EIGHT, OVER.
i. Radar Contact Lost.
(1) If radar contact is lost during an approach and the pilot has not started a final approach, clear
the aircraft to an appropriate navigational aid for an instrument approach.
PHRASEOLOGY: ARMY SIX-TWO-THREE, RADAR CONTACT LOST. CLEARED TO THE
CAIRNS OUTER COMPASS LOCATOR DIRECT. CLIMB AND MAINTAIN
TWO THOUSAND UNTIL OVER THE OUTER COMPASS LOCATOR;
CLEARED FOR I-L-S APPROACH; REPORT OUTER MARKER INBOUND,
(2) You are now ready to mark the strip to reflect the control information (Figure 2-6). First of
all, notice that the altitude is changed to reflect the new altitude assigned to 2,000 feet. The new
clearance limit in Block 7 is now the outer compass locator (OZ) replacing Dothan (DHN). The symbol
"R" is crossed out (R) showing radar contact lost. Approach type is