specific heading and altitude except when the aviator
maintains VFR and contacts the tower.
The aviator must know the specific heading and altitude
as requested by the controller. Then the controller can
use this heading to safely work the aviator back into
traffic. If the aviator maintains VFR and contacts the
tower, however, he alone becomes responsible for the
approach. (page 4, para 3i)
The aviator is the one who knows his aircraft.
Therefore, he is the one responsible for determining the
adequacy of the lost-communication procedure. (page 59,
after turning onto final approach and before reaching the
The controller should not instruct the aviator to make
establishing and after turning the aircraft into the
Proper instruction from the controller
allows the aircraft to reach its course on time, thereby
preventing a delay in the final approach. (page 3, para
at the MAP.
At the MAP, the controller's responsibility stops and the
aviator decides whether or not he sees the runway to
visually land the aircraft. If not, he will execute a
missed approach. He must tell the controller whatever he
decides. (page 56, Frame 98)