through map reconnaissance and personal inspection. Personnel must know the location, load-bearing
capacity, and trafficability of roads, trails, bridges, culverts, and significant terrain features within a 15-
mile radius of the airfield.
NOTE: The 15-mile radius prescribed in (a) and (b) above is considered
an optimum approximate distance and may be modified to conform to local conditions, terrain, and
nearness of other airfields.
(c) When notifying of an off-the-airfield aircraft mishap, clearly identify and repeat the
location or section of the grid map (grid coordinates). This procedure ensures that personnel can reach
the mishap scene by referencing maps in their possession.
(a) If an emergency occurs off the airfield, dispatch a rescue aircraft immediately. On
reaching the mishap scene, the pilot in command (PIC) immediately radios the location (using grid
coordinates if within 15 miles of the airfield or other landmarks if beyond the 15-mile radius). Next he
provides specific route information for emergency vehicles. Lastly the PIC advises whether special
precautions must be taken on approach and whether additional equipment and personnel are required at
(b) Immediately on notification of the mishap, predesignated fire-fighting and ambulance
personnel proceed in the general direction of the crash until specific routing information is received
from the rescue aircraft. If the rescue aircraft crew is the first to arrive at the scene, they provide limited
fire suppression, forced entry when required to remove personnel from wreckage, medical first aid, and
evacuation. Rescue aircraft will depart the mishap scene as soon as the injured are prepared for
evacuation. Members of the rescue aircraft team not required for in-flight medical treatment may
remain at the scent to assist fire-fighting elements.
(c) When rescue aircraft are unavailable, other liaison aircraft may be used to locate the
mishap and guide fire trucks, ambulances, and convoys to the scene. These aircraft will circle the scene
and maintain radio contact with the control tower, emergency vehicles, and convoy elements until such
personnel and equipment arrive at the scene.
(3) Convoy. Based on information received from rescue aircraft or other emergency elements at
the mishap scene, determine requirements for additional personnel and equipment and form a convoy to
depart for the scene as a unit. Figure 1-5 lists the personnel and equipment comprising the convoy.