(1) Because of the enemy, using C3CM plays a major role in the
success of any self-deployment operation. C3CM is the integrated use
of OPSEC, military deception, jamming, and physical destruction
C3CM denies the enemy information and
communication (C ) capabilities. C CM also protects friendly C from
enemy counter C3.
Knowing the critical nodes and links in friendly
and enemy C3 systems in a self-deployment operation is essential in
planning and executing friendly C3CM.
(2) C3CM consists of two major components--C3 protection and
counter C3. In a self-deployment operation, C3 protection and counter
C3 play equally important roles.
(a) C3 protection is defensive measures that safeguard
friendly forces' C3 capabilities against actual or potential enemy
C3 protection centers on OPSEC measures that protect
against inadvertent disclosure of deployment routes, stopover points,
and other critical nodes of self-deployment. These measures deny the
enemy commander information about US capabilities and intentions. As
a result, the enemy commander's attempt at counter C3 is degraded.
(b) Counter C3 are offensive measures that deny the enemy
the ability to command and control its forces effectively. Counter C3
measures must center on deceiving enemy C3 capabilities.
measures help deny the enemy commander information about the critical
nodes of the self-deployment operation. US forces must use deceptive
operations to conceal the location of stopover points.
operations degrade the combat effectiveness of the enemy's limited
Deception also should be a part of the AST's route
EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS AND INSTALLATION
Equipment required for self-deploying Army helicopters is
maintained and installed at depot level. This equipment is explained
Deploying helicopters must be flown to the depot so the
equipment can be installed and the aircraft prepared for self-
a. Extended-Range Fuel Tanks
Depot personnel install extended-range fuel tanks on the AH-
64, UH-60, and CH-47 helicopters.
Placement of the fuel tanks on
each aircraft is shown in Figure 1 (page 3), Figure 2 (page 4), and
Figure 3 (page 5).