descent, issue the appropriate departure instructions to be followed on completion of the approach.
Climb-out instructions must include a specific heading and altitude except when the aircraft will
maintain VFR and contact the tower.
PHRASEOLOGY: AFTER COMPLETING LOW APPROACH (or TOUCH AND GO), CLIMB
AND MAINTAIN (altitude). TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (degrees);
FLY RUNWAY HEADING.
MAINTAIN V-F-R, CONTACT TOWER.
(other instructions as appropriate)
h. Final Controller Changeover. When instructing the aircraft to change frequencies for final
approach guidance, include the name of the facility.
PHRASEOLOGY: CONTACT (facility name) FINAL CONTROLLER ON (frequency).
9. ADDITIONAL SERVICES
a. Application. Provide additional services to the extent contingent on your capability to fit the
services into the performance of higher priority duties. You may do this based on the following:
(1) Factors (workload, traffic, volume, radar, limitations, and frequency congestion) should be
considered by the controller.
(2) You have complete discretion for determining if you are able to provide, or to continue to
provide, a service in a particular case.
(3) Your reason not to provide, or to continue to provide, a service in a particular case is not
subject to question by the pilot and need not be made known to him.
b. Traffic Information. Issue radar traffic information to all radar-identified aircraft unless
omission is requested by the pilot, or the aircraft is operating within positive controlled airspace. Issue
traffic information to the aircraft pilots on your frequency when, in your judgement, their proximity may
diminish to less than the applicable separation minima.